The shops offer an enormous number of models of chandeliers. What are the kinds? What you need to know about choosing the right chandelier?
You have to consider the dimensions of the room while choosing the chandelier. Imagine how this model will look in this small room!
The chandelier appeared when there was no electricity yet.
The term “chandelier” is one of the varieties of ceiling lighting, to be precise a multiple-bulb pendant chandelier.
All chandeliers can be divided into linear and round. In the first case, several lamps of fixture are arranged in one line, the length of some models is 9,84 ft. The light spot is evenly distributed throughout the chandelier. This is a perfect variant for a dining table or bar table arrangement; one chandelier is sufficient to provide proportional illumination in a long narrow corridor.
The second group is round chandeliers, they are much more diverse. These models do not resemble each other. They have common design: all the lamps are like grapes, they converge to one foundation. The light spot is distributed from one place. These chandeliers form the overall diffused lighting in the living room. They also highlight a specific area in the room, for example, the surface of the desktop or the coffee table.
The chandelier construction. Parts of the chandelier.
First of all, it is necessary to learn the construction of different models at least in general.
Body. It is a pendant(s) or base where all bulbs are connected. The body is completed by sockets to which the lamp and diffuser are attached. There is a cup at the top, it hides the wire connection to the electric wiring at home.
Reflectors. Some models don’t have these elements. They have a mirror surface: the light is reflected and spread over the whole place.
Diffusers (lamp shades). Their main function is to evenly distribute the light of the lamp. In addition, these parts may be optional in some models, in this case the bulb is not covered. Focus and brightness of the light stream depend on the material from which diffusers are made of.
Types of bulbs. Advantages and disadvantages.
Different types of bulbs can be installed in modern chandeliers. It can be:
- incandescent bulbs;
- halogen bulbs;
- fluorescent bulbs;
Each type has its advantage and disadvantage.
The choice of the chandelier should be accompanied by choosing the type of bulbs. The appearance of the chandelier depends on its characteristics (size, power, colour, etc), and vice versa.
- Incandescent bulbs (Widespread types of caps: E5, E10, E12, E14, E17, E26, E27, E40)
Widely distributed and inexpensive bulbs create comfortable lighting and are installed in a wide range of lighting fixtures. A very low efficiency of 5-15 % must be noted as disadvantage that is why these bulbs are being removed. Incandescent bulbs have a small capacity resource and burn out quickly.
Decorative bulbs have a prolonged, spiral or curly shape, for example like a candle flame. As a rule, the size of the incandescent bulb is proportional to its power, i.e. miniature models are designed for using in the smallest incandescent bulb’s socket. Thus the chandelier itself looks more elegant.
- Halogen bulbs (widespread types of caps: G4, GU4, GY4, G5, G5,3, GU5,3, GX5,3, GY6,35, G9, GU10)
They have a 2 times greater light output and 2-4 times longer expiration time duration in comparison with incandescent bulbs. Halogen bulbs are cheap and compact; they are allowed to put in the spotlights. You can use them safely in wet areas. Bad pieces of news are that halogen bulbs work through a special unit that comes with the chandelier. In addition, this bulb should not be touched by hands (even cold).
You can find chandeliers with halogen bulbs for sale. The small light source looks much more interesting in the chandelier, than the same bright, cheap, but “industrial” energy-saving bulb. Chandeliers with halogen bulbs are not suitable in all cases. Different types of chandelier’s bulbs may be used simultaneously only in the manufacturers. For example, halogens are in the center and the LEDs are on the sides. The disadvantages are that they are more expensive, and burn at a much higher temperature, which could possibly be a fire hazard in certain areas.
- Fluorescent bulbs (widespread types of caps: G13, G24)
They have high light output about 4 times higher than incandescent bulbs. These bulbs have a long life, reduced heat emission and reasonable price. The disadvantage is large dimensions; they limit the area of use. Fluorescent bulbs may flicker, it is harmful to our eyes. They are demanding to the supply network quality, they contain mercury and work improperly at negative temperatures.
Compact fluorescent lamps (CFL) and LEDs are energy-saving bulbs. They allow you to save energy. In addition, these bulbs have a long life and low heat dissipation. They are expensive (due to a long life), have a small time delay, they need to gain the full light output after switching.
There are chandeliers with several types of bulbs.
Division of chandeliers is made by the bonding to the ceiling surface technique. There are only two types: classic one, i.e. pendant, and ceiling. What’s the difference? First one is attached to the ceiling on the hook.
A flexible or rigid pendant is used; it is usually a chain or a tube, so the height of the installation can vary by the length of the pendant.
Classic analogs in their designs have several tiers of light sources, so this type creates a bright even light. Designers are very fond of the classics, so they try to use this kind of chandeliers in their design projects where a classic chandelier often becomes the center of the interior. But there are several disadvantages. This variant is quite awkward, it’s not recommended to use in small rooms. It is especially true for the rooms with low ceilings.
In this case the ideal variant will be a ceiling fixture, because its construction is attached to the ceiling surface. It is often provided with a mirror reflector to increase the brightness of the device, it diffuses the light and increases the brightness of the room. The standard form of the ceiling chandelier is a plate of different configurations with mounted light sources. This kind of chandeliers is suitable for creating a minimalist style or high-tech where the functionality of design elements is important.
But do not forget that the main function of a chandelier is to light the room. And it is important to approach the light intensity; there is no secret that the faint light has sleepy and strong irritating effects. Thus, it is necessary to calculate all the indices of intensity. A specialist should do it, but if there is no one you can do it.
When calculating you need to be aware of a few indicators which include the type of light source, their power, the number of bulbs, the material of the lampshade, its position, i.e. they look up or down. The main index is the power. The power is needed for the standard room illumination (15-25 watts per sq.m.). But there are some nuances. For example, light colours of the walls, so lighting power can be reduced. And vice versa for the dark walls.
In addition, experts recommend to use diffused light in all the rooms. So the best variant will be a turned plafond. This effect can help visually expand the space of the room, it is an important factor. But if there is the reflective covering on the ceiling, for example, glossy ceilings, mirrored panels, etc, it is better to use chandeliers with closed plafonds.
One more thing. About the colour of lampshades and plafonds. Whether you like it or not, but they will paint all the surfaces in the tone in which they are painted. Thus, you should consider it while choosing a chandelier to keep the whole interior together where the colouring plays a major role.
- A classic chandelier is a chandelier made of crystal, forged or bronze. There are symmetry, simplicity of lines and grace. This type can be classified as precious design elements.
- Art Nouveau. The main traits of this style are curved lines, ornate and nice elements, bold colours, a combination of ethnic motifs.
- Japanese style. There are chandeliers made from plant material, like bamboo, wood, rice paper. There are simplicity and elegance connected with natural principles.
- Minimalism and high tech. You can find chandeliers made of metal, glass and plastic. There is nothing unnecessary, only excellent functionality. This type is usually distinguished by regular geometric forms.
- Country and Provence. It is characterized by simplicity where light sources in the form of candles are often used. Their features are originality, uniqueness adapting to the olden days and the simplicity of life. There are chandeliers that are supplied with fabric shades representing the past century. There are also exquisite variants with forged elements with glass and plastic.
That is all, thank you for reading this article. Good luck in choosing a chandelier. If our article was helpful to you, please, press Like. Thank you in advance.